What happens when two Autopoietic systems perturb one another over a period of time? This is the basis for language: […]

Observation, structure and autonomy

From “Academic Resources : Autopoiesis“: “Systems are structure determined. That is, anything a system does at any moment in time […]

Fundamental Questions

What is the nature of life? What distinguishes living systems from those that appear equally complex but we do not […]

Maturana’s two questions

“What takes place in the phenomenon of perception?” “What is the organization of the living?”


Marianne introduced this book 《Self-Producing Systems: Implications and Applications of Autopoiesis》, by John Mingers. There is also a quite clear […]